The first university women
Next Thursday will be the International Women's Day, which will undoubtedly fill the streets of many cities around the world with thousands of people celebrating the achievements and vindicating what is to be improved.
60% of the international students housed in our student apartments are women. Female students of master's, postgraduate and university careers fill the classrooms and student accommodation.
And although now you see as the most normal thing that men and women study in the university, without a doubt, the incorporation of women to higher education, was one of the advances that marked a before and after in this long career. Can you imagine being able to enroll in college but not being allowed to go to class? Or get the medical degree but not let you practice as a doctor? What now sounds incredible is what the first university women had to experience.
From Barcelona Student Housing we want to make our contribution to this special day, remembering these first university women of Barcelona: María Elena Maseras, Dolores Aleu i Riera and Martina Castells and Ballespí.
The first woman who managed to enroll in the university was María Elena Maseras, in 1872. She enrolled in the faculty of medicine at the University of Barcelona. Nevertheless it was thanks to a special permission of the king, that allowed him to study the race but not to attend the classes. Luckily, three years later, a professor at this university, Dr. Carbó, made Elena officially admitted with full rights to attend class. But once he finished his studies, the title he got with his effort, did not allow him to practice the profession of Bachelor of Medicine. After years of struggle, in 1882 María Elena Maseras managed to be empowered to practice, although she never got to practice the profession and devoted herself to teaching
Dolors Aleu i Riera was the one who did practice as a doctor. She was also the second to reach the title of doctor. His doctoral thesis was titled De la Necesidad de ruta por la nueva senda la educación hygienico-moral de la mujer (1883). He specialized in Gynecology and Pediatrics.
He had his own doctor's office in Barcelona for 25 years. She was also the author of texts aimed at improving the quality of life of women, especially in the field of motherhood, such as advice to a mother about the regime, cleaning, dress, sleep, exercise and entertainment for children.
Martina Castells and Ballespí once licensed, she was the second woman to reach the doctorate, on October 4, 1882, four days before Dolors Aleu. Granddaughter and daughter of doctors, I also need a "godfather" to be granted the right to graduate, in this case it was José Letamendi. He specialized in Pediatrics and moved to Reus, where he worked in the Military Hospital and the Pere Mata Institute.